I joined Sun Microsystems in February 1996, and have followed Java throughout its lifetime at Sun then Oracle and now Azul Systems.
Java on CRaC: Superfast JVM Application Startup
One of the key benefits of a microservice architecture is the ability to dynamically respond to changes in load by spinning up new instances as required. However, when deploying JVM-based services, the warmup time of JIT compilation can be a limitation on the effectiveness of this technique.
One approach to solving this problem is using native images, where the service is statically compiled using an ahead-of-time (AOT) compiler. Although this does reduce startup time and footprint, it does so at the cost of overall performance.
A new project has been proposed and accepted into OpenJDK called CRaC (Coordinated Restore at Checkpoint). The goal is to research the co-ordination of Java programs with mechanisms to checkpoint (snapshot) a running application. Restoring from the snapshot could solve some of the problems with the startup and warmup times, especially in microservices.
In this session, we’ll look at the main challenges for such a project, potential solutions and the results from a proof-of-concept implementation.